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TEXAS NATIVE AMERICAN TIMELINE

Planning Sheet 4

PRODUCT:
Create a timeline that shows an overview of Native American presence in Texas, according to archeological discoveries.

DIRECTIONS:
The information for the timeline has been scrambled. Place it back in the right order by cutting each portion of information out separately, and then gluing it into the appropriate place on the timeline (Planning Sheets 4 & 5). Use Planning Sheet 2, or go to http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/ to find a guideline for putting this in order.

PERIODS:

HISTORIC EARLY ARCHAIC LATE PREHISTORIC
MIDDLE ARCHAIC LATE ARCHAIC TRANSITIONAL ARCHAIC
CHARACTERISTICS:

Cabeza de Vaca; Spanish missions; entry of Tonkawas, Apaches, and Comanches
development of modern vegetation and fauna; hunting and gathering; possible period of aridity 5500-3000 B.C.
hunters and gatherers across Texas; rock art begins in lower Pecos; burned-rock middens in Central Texas
first mounds in East Texas; hunters and gatherers continue elsewhere
bison hunting in Panhandle, lower Pecos, Central Texas; increased trade; cemeteries in Southeast and South Texas