October 2018

Vol No.: 
CXXII

This c. 1852 engraving, Union, which portrays several notable American political figures of the mid-nineteenth century, celebrates the Compromise of 1850. The figures pictured here are (front row, left to right): Winfield Scott, Lewis Cass, Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun, Daniel Webster, and (holding a shield) Millard Fillmore. Calhoun and Webster stand with their hands resting on the Constitution, a bust of George Washington between them. Cass holds a document “Protest [illegible] Treaty.” Scott, in uniform, grasps with his right hand a portfolio from which protrude papers and maps recalling his U.S.–Mexico War victories. In the left background are (left to right): Speaker of the House Howell Cobb of Georgia, Virginia representative James McDowell, Thomas Hart Benton of Missouri, and former secretary of state John M. Clayton of Delaware. In the second row at right: Ohio senator Thomas Corwin, James Buchanan, Stephen A. Douglas, attorney general John J. Crittenden, and senators Sam Houston of Texas and Henry Foote of Mississippi. Behind, beneath a genius carrying a laurel branch and liberty staff, are senators Willie P. Mangum of North Carolina and W. R. King of Alabama. At far right, below an eagle, are Daniel S. Dickinson of New York, Supreme Court justice John McLean of Ohio, and senators John Bell of Tennessee and John C. Fremont of California. While the prominent placement of John C. Calhoun in a piece called Union may seem ironic, Sam Houston never wavered in his stance against secession, as Randolph B. Campbell details in “‘A Sea of Blood and Smoking Ruin’: Reflections on Sam Houston and Slavery.” Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C., http://www.loc. gov/pictures/item/2004665352/ [Accessed July 17, 2018.]

Table of Contents: 

Articles
A Sea of Blood and Smoking Ruin”: Reflections on Sam Houston and Slavery
By Randolph B. Campbell

The Rise and Fall of Ignacio Perez Sr. and Jr., Patriarchs of the Most Powerful Family in Early Nineteenth-Century Texas
By Bradley Folsom

Of Documents and Archives: The First Modern Census of Texas
By Samuel Abell and G. Douglas Inglis

Book Reviews
Sterling Evans, ed., Farming across Borders: A Transnational History of the North American West.
By Tore C. Olsson

Herbert G. Ruffin II and Dwayne A. Mack, eds., Freedom’s Racial Frontier: African Americans in the Twentieth-Century West.
By Albert S. Broussard

T. Lindsay Baker, A Portrait of Route 66: Images from the Curt Teich Postcard Archives.
By Peter Dedek

Nancy T. McCoy and David G. Woodcock, Architecture that Speaks: S. C. P. Vosper and Ten Remarkable Buildings at Texas A&M.
By Kathryn E. Holliday

Marion Oettinger Jr, ed., San Antonio 1718: Art from Mexico.
By Judith Berg Sobré

Jaime E. Rodríguez O, Political Culture in Spanish America, 1500–1830.
By Abisai Pérez
 
Daniel J. Gelo and Christopher J. Wickham, Comanches and Germans on the Texas Frontier: The Ethnology of Heinrich Berghaus.
By Joaquín Rivaya-Martínez

William S. Kiser, Borderlands of Slavery: The Struggle over Captivity and Peonage in the American Southwest.
By Taylor Spence

Robert S. McPherson, Both Sides of the Bullpen: Navajo Trade and Posts.
By Erica Cottam

Raymond Caballero, Orozco: The Life and Death of a Mexican Revolutionary.
By Thomas Alter II
Thomas T. Smith, The Old Army in the Big Bend of Texas: The Last Cavalry Frontier, 1911–1921.
By Glenn Justice

Virginia Bernhard, The Smell of War: Three Americans in the Trenches of World War I.
By Tiffany Smith

Aliza S. Wong, ed., The Texas Liberators: Veteran Narratives from World War II.
By Kelly E. Crager

Michael Hurd, Thursday Night Lights: The Story of Black High School Football in Texas.
By Charles H. Martin

William Henry Kellar, Richard E. Wainerdi and the Texas Medical Center.
By Heather Green Wooten

Donna Marie Miller, The Broken Spoke: Austin’s Legendary Honky-Tonk.
By Craig Hillis

Kenneth L. Untiedt, ed., Legends and Life in Texas: Folklore from the Lone Star State, in Stories and Song.
By Joyce Gibson Roach

José Antonio Rodríguez, House Built on Ashes: A Memoir.
By Cordelia Barrera

Marie W. Dallam, Cowboy Christians.
By Sean P. Cunningham

Brian R. Chapman and Eric G. Bolen, The Natural History of Texas.
By Pete A. Y. Gunter

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