Almonte's Texas: Juan N. Almonte's 1834 Inspection, Secret Report, and Role in the 1836 Campaign

Book Cover Image
Jack Jackson (Editor)
Translated by John Wheat



Winner 2003 Kate Broocks Bates Award for Historical Research
Winner 2003 Summerfield G. Roberts Prize — Sons of the Republic of Texas
Winner 2003 Friends of the Dallas Public Library Award for the Book Making the Most Significant Contribution to Knowledge — Texas Institute of Letters
Citation, 2005 — San Antonio Conservation Society


"This is a highly significant, major contribution to the documentation of early Texas history, and greatly adds to the broadening understanding of the roots of the Texas revolution." Dale Farris, Review of Texas Books

In late 1833 Mexico began to have serious fears that its northeastern territory in Texas would be lost to North American colonists. To determine the actual state of affairs, Mexico sent Col. Juan N. Almonte to Texas on an inspection--the last conducted by a high-ranking Mexican official before revolution separated Texas from Mexico. Upon his return to the Mexican capital in November 1834, Almonte wrote a secret report of the measures necessary to avoid the loss of Texas--a report that has been unknown to scholars or the general public.

Here it is presented in English for the first time, along with more than fifty letters that Almonte wrote during his inspection. This documentation offers crucial new insights on Texas affairs and will change the way historians regard Mexico's attitudes toward the foreign colonists and their revolution of 1835-1836.

When Santa Anna marched an army north to crush the Texas rebellion, Almonte was by his side as a special advisor. He kept a journal, lost at the Battle of San Jacinto, which is presented here with full annotation. Almonte's role in the 1836 campaign is examined, as well as his subsequent activities that relate to Texas. Through Almonte's Texas we gain an overdue appreciation of this man who played a leading role in the history of Texas and Mexico.

Publication of this book is supported by a grant from the Summerfield G. Roberts Foundation, Dallas.

Jack Jackson is an award-winning scholar and illustrator. He is the author of numerous books and articles, including Imaginary Kingdom: Texas as Seen by the Rivera and Rubí Military Expeditions, 1727 and 1767.

John Wheat, archives translator at the Center for American History at the University of Texas at Austin, is the translator of numerous historically significant documents of borderlands history.