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Jean M. Heide

BEETHOVEN MÄNNERCHOR. The Beethoven Männerchor is a San Antonio German men's chorus. The heaviest influx of Germans to Texas, fleeing political and economic problems in their homeland, began arriving in 1845. They brought with them their love of music, gemütlichkeit (fellowship) and das deutsche Lied (German song).

The Beethoven Männerchor was formed as an offshoot of the San Antonio Maennergesang-Verein, which was founded by Simon Menger in July 1847. Menger was the musical director until March 1853, when Adolph Douai, publisher of the San Antonio Zeitung, took over. W. C. A. Thielepape was elected president on October 16, 1854. With the approach of the Civil War and the demands it brought on the members of the Maennergesang-Verein, the group ceased its activity until about 1865. The members re-formed on February 24, 1867, and chose the name Beethoven Männerchor following an Abend Unterhaltung (evening of entertainment) held at the old San Antonio Casino Hall.

The poet and musician Sidney Lanier visited San Antonio in 1873 and was invited to attend a Männerchor practice by his friend Andreas Schiedemantel (then Beethoven president), on January 29. He subsequently wrote in a letter:

Last night at 8 o'clock came Mr. Schiedemantel, a genuine lover of music and a fine pianist, to take me to the Maennerchor, which meets every Wednesday night for practice….Presently seventeen Germans were seated at the singing table. Great pipes were all afire. The leader, Herr Thielepape, an old man with a white beard and mustache, formerly mayor of the city, rapped his tuning fork vigorously, gave the chords by arpeggios of his voice (a wonderful high tenor …) and off they all swung into such a noble, noble old full-voice lied [song] that imperious tears rushed to my eyes.

As the German population grew in prominence in San Antonio before 1900, so did German music. The Beethoven had been meeting in several different locations until 1894, when it built its own concert and club hall on South Alamo Street. Architect Albert Beckmann designed the building, which was formally dedicated on October 12, 1895. This building burned down on October 31, 1913, and a new hall was designed by prominent San Antonio architect Leo M. J. Dielmann with Jacob Wagner supervising the construction. Beethoven Hall served as the Männerchor's concert hall for many years. Several prominent musicians and ensembles have performed at this hall: Sarah Bernhardt, John Phillip Sousa, and the Chicago Symphony under Arthur Claassen, who in response to his well-received performance moved to San Antonio to serve for a time as the Männerchor Director. In the 2000s the hall, no longer directly affiliated with the Männerchor, was home to The Magik Theatre.

In 1932 women from the Mozart Society organized by Arthur Claassen formed the Beethoven Damenchor (ladies choir); in 1943 the Beethoven Concert Band was formed, and in 1977 the Beethoven Kinderchor (childrens' choir). After World War I the Beethoven sold its concert hall and in July 1920 purchased the new location at 422 Pereida Street in the historic King William District area, where it still holds rehearsals and concerts. Over the last 140 years, the Männerchor has had several notable musical directors: Carl Beck (popular director of the 1880s and 1890s), Carl Hahn, Alfred Schaefer (depression years and World War II), and Otto Wick (renowned New York conductor and composer in the 1950s.)

In more recent years the Beethoven Männerchor and Damenchor have hosted visiting choirs from the Republic of Germany visiting Texas on nationwide concert tours. The Beethoven participates each year in the Staats-Saengerfest (State Singing Festival), which brings together German choirs from throughout Texas. The singing festivals are hosted by a different city each year, as they have been since the first Saengerfest on October 15, 1853, in New Braunfels. A variety of other performances are open to the public throughout the year. The Beethoven Männerchor has banded together with these societies to form two separate statewide organizations: the Texanischer Gebirgs Saengerbund (Texas Hill Country Singers League, founded in 1881), and the Deutsch Texanischer Saengerbund (German Texas Singers League, founded in 1854). The Beethoven also is a member of the Nord Amerikanischer Saengerbund (North American Singers Association). In 2011 the Beethoven Männerchor was located in the Beethoven Halle und Garten in the King William District in downtown San Antonio and had purchased the historic Kuest Haus next door in the effort to put together a museum. The chorus experienced a new infusion of membership with the arrival of German immigrants in the early twenty-first century and by 2015 had 600 members. 

In 1948 president Guido Ransleben explained the group's philosophy:

The expression of one's innermost feelings through song is the direct expression of the joy of living, and the happiness one experiences through freedom. Freedom from toils and cares of everyday life, freedom from illness or despair, freedom from the oppression of tyrannous rulers, freedom from oneself. This freedom is best expressed in an outburst of song which comes to a neighborly understanding when several voices are combined in harmonious unison, an understanding which the human soul alone appreciates and loves. It propagates a happier more joyful well-being, a more congenial view of life. It conquers the dark retiring character of Puritanism and sows the seeds of harmony and understanding between people of all nations, races or creeds in the only universal language, the language of music.


Beethoven Maennerchor (http://www.beethovenmaennerchor.com/), accessed September 8, 2015. Beethoven Maennerchor Centennial, 1867–1967: San Antonio, Texas, February 25 and 26, 1967 (San Antonio: Hemisfair '68, 1968). Howard R. Driggs and Sarah S. King, Rise of the Lone Star (New York: Frederick A. Stokes, 1936). Lee Gastinger, "125 Years Beethoven Maennerchor," program for the 125th State Saengerfest, 1992. Cecilia Steinfeldt, San Antonio Was: Seen Through a Magic Lantern: Views from the Slide Collection of Albert Steves, Sr. (San Antonio Museum Association, 1978). Moritz Tiling, History of The German Element in Texas from 1820–1850 (Houston: Rein and Sons, 1913).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Jean M. Heide, "BEETHOVEN MANNERCHOR," accessed June 01, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/xgb03.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Modified on September 8, 2015. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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