PEACE PARTY. The Peace Party, which existed before the Texas Revolution, represented a faction within the Anglo-American population of Texas that helped to sway public opinion against armed conflict with the rest of Mexico in the crucial times from 1832 to 1835. The Peace Party and its counterpart, the War Party, were not established political parties but rather labels for persons of opposing political dispositions-that is, "party" members did not label themselves by these terms but instead described the opposition with them. Both parties surfaced during the disturbances of 1832. The Peace Party, probably representing more Texans throughout the period, loudly criticized the War Party's agitation. Events of 1835, which displayed the increasingly centralized nature of Antonio López de Santa Anna's regime, began to define the lines between the War and Peace parties, which were not called by those names until July 1835. Contemporary references to "Peace Party" are fairly scarce. Sometimes the term "tory" was used, but "tory" was also applied to those who remained loyal to Mexico after the outbreak of the Texas Revolution; most Peace Party members joined the revolution. William Barret Travis used the term for the first time in a letter to James Bowie on July 30, 1835, in which he wrote "The peace-party, as they style themselves, I believe are the strongest, and make much the most noise." Throughout the period from 1832 to 1835 the following persons advocated quiet and calm, or protested against the actions of the more radical colonists: Stephen F. Austin, Don Carlos Barrett, Josiah H. Bell, David G. Burnet, Thomas J. Chambers, Edward Gritten, J. H. C. Miller, and John A. Williams.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Jodella K. Dyreson, "Peace Party," accessed May 26, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/wap05.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles