While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Susan Hall

BAYLOR UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER. Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas began in 1903 as Good Samaritan Hospital, a two-story brick house converted into a private hospital. A year later, after being purchased by the Baptist General Convention of Texas, the hospital became Texas Baptist Memorial Sanitarium. Fifty-five years later, that institution became Baylor University Medical Center. BUMC comprises five connecting patient hospitals and a cancer center; Baylor is the second largest nonprofit private hospital in the United States. The center, licensed for 1,509 beds, treated 408,581 patients in fiscal 1992. As a major referral center, it offers specialized treatment centers for cancer, heart disease, diabetes, digestive diseases, alcohol and drug abuse, psoriasis, asthma, hair loss, breast disease, eating disorders, neonatology, pediatrics, infectious diseases, and weight management.

In 1943 the hospital faced a severe blow when its medical school, Baylor University College of Medicine (now Baylor College of Medicine), moved to Houston. The school's poor financial status, coupled with plans to build a second medical school in Dallas, precipitated its acceptance of an offer by the M. D. Anderson Foundation in Houston. Although the Dallas medical school officially graduated its last class in June 1943, the tradition of medical education continued at Baylor University Medical Center. Each year medical residents and fellows as well as nursing students complete their education there, and more than 300 individuals are trained in allied health sciences.

In addition to liver transplants, Baylor surgeons perform kidney, heart, lung, and bone marrow transplants. In 1987 Baylor's liver-transplant program, one of the largest adult programs in the United States, had the highest survival rate in the country. That year the National Institutes of Health named Baylor's program one of only five "centers of excellence." Like many major medical centers, Baylor supports medical research. The Baylor Research Institute underwrites much of the funding available for nine major areas targeted for study: digestive diseases, photobiology, transplantation biology, oncology, immunology, biomedical science, metabolic diseases, radiology, and surgical research. In all, Baylor sponsors 327 ongoing research projects.

Baylor University Medical Center is the hub of the Baylor Health Care System, a nonprofit network founded in 1981. The system comprises five North Texas hospitals: Baylor University Medical Center, Baylor Institute for Rehabilitation, and Baylor Medical centers at Ennis, Garland, Grapevine, and Waxahachie.

Lana Henderson, Baylor University Medical Center (Waco: Baylor University Press, 1978).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Susan Hall, "BAYLOR UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER," accessed July 14, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/sbb03.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...