HYNES BAY. Hynes Bay, also known as Mesquite Bay, is in the San Antonio Bay in eastern Refugio County (at 28°24' N, 96°49' W). During the Spanish Texas era it was known as Lago de San José and later as Mosquito Bay. Its current name is from that of Peter Hynes and his son John, members of the Power and Hewetson colony, whose land grants were adjacent to the bay. The Guadalupe River delta two miles above Hynes Bay had been a favorite campground for the Karankawa Indians. In 1852, however, a Texan militia company drove them from Refugio County after an engagement that came to be called the battle of Hynes Bay. Though the bay gradually filled with mud until it was too shallow to be navigable by larger craft, from the 1830s to 1877 small boats and lighters were able to navigate it, bringing supplies to the old settlement of Hynesville. In 1914 Preston R. Austwell, ambitious to make his new town of Austwell a port city, had a channel dredged through the bay, but the channel filled rapidly and was ultimately abandoned. The flat to rolling prairie around the bay is spotted with water-tolerant hardwoods, conifers, and numerous grasses. The area provides habitat for many species of waterfowl and fur-bearing mammals.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Hobart Huson, "Hynes Bay," accessed August 30, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rrh01.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.