BRAZOS ISLAND. Brazos Island is a barrier island south of Padre Island, at the south end of the Laguna Madre (at 26°01' N, 97°09' W). The lower Rio Grande valley was largely ranching country when Mexican independence opened the port of Brazos Santiago on Brazos Island. A lively trade in specie, wool, and hides in exchange for cloth, hardware, and machinery developed. Gen. Zachary Taylor set up his headquarters on Brazos Island in 1845. During the Civil War the port was occupied by both Union and Confederate forces. It was an important avenue of trade and supply. The last shot of the Civil War is reported to have been fired on Brazos Island on May 12, 1865. Most of the buildings on the island were destroyed by the hurricane of 1867 (see HURRICANES). The port and settlement have long ceased to exist.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, "BRAZOS ISLAND," accessed December 15, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rrb10.
Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.