RED BLUFF SPRINGS. The Red Bluff Springs (at 31°57' N, 103°57' W) are on the Pecos River upstream from Allison Spring in northwestern Loving County. After Red Bluff Reservoir was built in 1936, the springs issued into the lake and river. The springs are moderately saline and flow from a formation of limestone conglomerate and dolomite. The surrounding desert terrain is flat to rolling with locally steep slopes and active sand dunes. The soils are dark, chocolate-red clays and fine sandy loams and support desert shrubs, small mesquites, sages, salt cedar, and sparse grasses. Killifish, brine shrimp, and turtles are found in the waters of the area. The springs were named for the Red Bluff Dam, which acquired its name from a red bluff in New Mexico where it was to be built originally. This spring and the others in Loving County were used by people of an earlier time who left behind projectile points, metates, and manos.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "RED BLUFF SPRINGS," accessed August 24, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox