Gunnar Brune

LAS MORAS SPRINGS. Las Moras Springs, the ninth largest group of springs in Texas, is on the property of Fort Clark in Brackettville (at 29°19' N, 100°25' W). The springs rise under artesian pressure from the Edwards and associated limestones and pass through a fault in the overlying formation. Their average discharge from 1896 to 1978 was about 160 gallons a second. Las Moras Springs was used by prehistoric people and served as a stop on both the Old Spanish Trail from San Antonio to El Paso and the later military road from Eagle Pass. In 1840 a cavalry unit drove Comanches from their village at the springs. The mulberry trees for which the springs are named were first described by W. H. C. Whiting after a visit in 1849. The springs irrigated gardens and lands at Fort Clark and Brackettville by 1852 and later powered an ice plant. They temporarily quit flowing in the summer of 1964, probably because of heavy irrigation pumping from the Edwards limestones, and again in June 1971. In 1987 the water supplied a large swimming pool.

Gunnar Brune, Springs of Texas, Vol. 1 (Fort Worth: Branch-Smith, 1981).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Gunnar Brune, "LAS MORAS SPRINGS," accessed July 17, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox