ALLISON SPRING. Allison Spring is 100 yards east of the Pecos River in northwestern Loving County (at 31°55' N, 103°54' W). Since Red Bluff Reservoir was built in 1936 the spring has usually been covered by its waters. The area is surrounded by deposits of gravel, sand, and silt. The surrounding desert terrain is flat to rolling with locally steep slopes and active sand dunes. Soils are dark chocolate-red clay and fine sandy loam. Area vegetation consists of desert shrubs, mesquite, sage, salt cedar, and sparse grasses. Allison Spring offered fresh water to prehistoric Indians, who left behind projectile points, manos, and metates. In 1583 the entrada of Lt. Antonio de Espejo traveled along the Pecos near the spring. Capt. John Pope and his surveying expedition came to the area in 1854 and reported a spring of fine water located 100 yards from the east bank of the Pecos. Pope made his camp at the spring and drilled unsuccessfully for artesian wells. After he left the area, the Butterfield Overland Mail operated a way station at the spring. In the mid-1880s Clay Allison established the headquarters of his ranch at the spring and gave it his name.
Gunnar Brune, Springs of Texas, Vol. 1 (Fort Worth: Branch-Smith, 1981). Robert W. Dunn, The History of Loving County, Texas (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1948; condensed in West Texas Historical Association Year Book, 1948).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, "ALLISON SPRING," accessed April 06, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rpa05.
Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Modified on September 24, 2018. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.