SALT FORK OF THE RED RIVER. The Salt Fork of the Red River rises near the Carson county line in northeastern Armstrong County (at 35°09' N, 101°21' W) and flows southeast across central Donley and Collingsworth counties. When it crosses the 100th meridian at the eastern boundary of Collingsworth County, it enters Oklahoma and flows east across north central Harmon and southern Greer counties. Southeast of Mangum it turns south and crosses central Jackson County to its mouth on the Prairie Dog Town Fork of the Red River, opposite the northernmost point of Wilbarger County, Texas, sixteen miles northwest of Vernon (at 34°27' N, 99°21' W). The Salt Fork and its Panhandle tributaries were the scene of military activity during the Red River War in 1874. Several early ranches, including the Half Circle K, the RO, the Spade, and the Rocking Chair, owned land on or near the stream. Clarendon was established on the Salt Fork in 1878 but moved five miles south to the Fort Worth and Denver Railway nine years later; now the original site in Donley County is partially inundated by Greenbelt Lake, with the community of Howardwick on its north shore.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "SALT FORK OF THE RED RIVER," accessed August 23, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox