NAVASOTA RIVER. The Navasota River rises northeast of Mount Calm in southeastern Hill County (at 31°48' N, 96°52' W) and flows southeast for 125 miles, crossing Limestone County and serving as the county line between Leon and Robertson, Madison and Brazos, and Brazos and Grimes counties before reaching its mouth on the Brazos River, six miles southwest of Navasota in southwestern Grimes County (at 30°20' N, 96°09' W). The river is dammed at various points to form Lake Mexia, Springfield Lake (in Fort Parker State Recreation Area), Joe Echols Lake, Lake Groesbeck, Lake Limestone, and Martin Lake. Tributaries of the river include Big, Little Cedar, Sand, Bowman, Panther, and Holland creeks. The river traverses flat to rolling terrain with local shallow depressions, surfaced by clay and sandy loams that support water-tolerant hardwoods, conifers, and grasses. The river was probably named by Indians, who called it or another stream in the immediate area the Nabasoto. Domingo Terán de los Ríos called it San Cypriano. Fray Isidro Félix de Espinosa named it the San Buenaventura, the name also used by the Marqués de Aguayo. Pedro de Rivera y Villalón in 1727 called the river the Navasota, the name it has been known by since that time. The community of Navasota is located in a bend of the river in southwestern Grimes County. Numerous archeological sites have been found along the river, which served early settlers as an access route into the area. By 1860, however, river transportation had declined, as the first railroad lines reached the Navasota community.
William M. Sorrow and Wayne N. Cox, Reconnaissance of Archeological and Historical Resources of the Navasota River Basin (Research Report 26, Texas Archeological Survey, University of Texas at Austin, 1973).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Diana J. Kleiner, "NAVASOTA RIVER," accessed January 20, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rnn02.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on March 15, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.