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SQUAWTEAT PEAK. Squawteat Peak, directly north of Interstate Highway 10 1½ miles west of Bakersfield in northeast Pecos County (at 30°54' N, 102°19' W), stands 300 feet above the surrounding area, where shallow, stony, calcareous soil over limestone and limy earths support mesquite, scrub brush, sparse grasses, creosote bush, cacti, and juniper brush. Squawteat Peak was the site of an archeological investigation conducted by the State Department of Highways and Public Transportation in 1974 and again in 1980. In 1974, when Interstate Highway 10 was being constructed, a large ring midden, radiocarbon-dated about A.D. 1300, was discovered within the right-of-way. The archeological site is a large prehistoric campsite divided into seven occupational areas within one-half mile of the peak. Numerous projectile points, including Perdiz, Livermore, Ensor, Uvalde, Paisano, Pandale, and Val Verde, were discovered at the site. Other artifacts included hide scrapers, pendants, sharpening stones, wickiup rings, fire hearths, and mortar holes.


Wayne C. Young, Investigations at the Squawteat Peak Site (Austin: Texas State Department of Highways and Public Transportation, 1981).

Glenn Justice


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Glenn Justice, "SQUAWTEAT PEAK," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed May 22, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.