KIOWA PEAK. Kiowa Peak, eighteen miles northeast of Aspermont in the northeastern corner of Stonewall County (at 33°21' N, 100°03' W), rises to an elevation of 1,862 feet above sea level, 462 feet above the Salt Fork of the Brazos River three miles east. The surrounding terrain is characterized by locally faulted rolling to steep slopes of gypsiferous red beds with dolomite, surfaced by shallow clay and sandy loams that support juniper, cacti, and sparse grasses. Oral tradition maintains that a copper mine was worked by early Spanish prospectors in the peak's vicinity and that the miners left a vast quantity of gold there when they fled from hostile Indians. Copper deposits in the Brazos River reported by prospectors before the Civil War led one H. H. McConnell and a group of sixty wealthy men, known as the Washington and Texas Land and Copper Company, to search for the lost copper mines; the company, however, did little but travel leisurely and locate several sections of land, according to McConnell.

H. H. McConnell, Five Years a Cavalryman, or Sketches of Regular Army Life on the Texas Frontier (Jacksboro, Texas: J. N. Rogers, 1889). R. E. Sherrill, "Lost Copper Mines and Spanish Gold, Haskell County," in Legends of Texas, ed. J. Frank Dobie, Publications of the Texas Folklore Society 3 (Austin: Texas Folklore Society, 1924; rpt., Hatboro, Pennsylvania: Folklore Associates, 1964).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "KIOWA PEAK," accessed August 25, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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