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JOHNSON PEAK. Johnson Peak, also called Meridian Peak, is a mesa about two miles south of Iredell in northwestern Bosque County (at 31°57' N, 97°52' W). The elevation at its summit is 1,223 feet above sea level. Johnson Peak is in a portion of the Grand Prairie characterized by level to hilly terrain and shallow to deep stony and cracking clay loam soils. The uppermost stratum of the mesa consists of a formation known as Edwards limestone. The second stratum is called the Comanche Peak formation, and the third is known as Walnut clays or Walnut prairies. The Walnut clays are encompassed by the Paluxy sands. The lower slopes of the summit are characterized by the Glen Rose formation, and the lowest stratum consists of Trinity sands. These formations and the area surrounding them support a variety of vegetation, including juniper, oak, chaparral, cacti, some mesquite, and tall and medium-height grasses. An 1858 Comanche and Kiowa raid near this summit resulted in the death of Peter Johnson and the capture of his son, who spent a short time with the Indians before escaping. The summit was thereafter known as Johnson's Peak, a name later altered to Johnson Peak.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:William C. Pool, Bosque Territory (Kyle, Texas: Chaparral, 1964). William C. Pool, A History of Bosque County (San Marcos, Texas: San Marcos Record Press, 1954).
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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, "JOHNSON PEAK," accessed September 21, 2018, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rjj03.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.