sidebar menu icon


CIENEGA MOUNTAINS. Cienega Mountains are three miles west of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in south central Presidio County (at 29°47' N, 104°10' W). At an elevation of 5,315 feet above sea level, the summit rises 1,515 feet higher than Cienega Creek, on the western edge of the mountains. Cienega Mountains are formed by a Tertiary intrusion and are surrounded by alluvial deposits of pebbles and cobbles that support scrub brush, sparse grasses, and desert shrubs of conifers and oaks. In the 1880s Lawrence Haley ranched in the area of the Cienega Mountains. A legend claims that friendly Indians led him to the Valle de los Cienegas, or the Valley of the Marshes.

Virginia Madison and Hallie Stillwell, How Come It's Called That? Place Names in the Big Bend Country (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1958).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "Cienega Mountains," accessed November 20, 2017,

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.