Members Only Area
Bookmark and Share
sidebar menu icon


ADOBE WALLS MOUNTAIN. Adobe Walls Mountain is located twelve miles north of Study Butte, Texas, and two miles east of State Highway 118 in southwestern Brewster County (at 29°29' N, 103°30' W). It rises on its northern side in a long slope from the desert floor and falls off in sheer cliffs of bare rock some 500 feet high on its southern face. The elevation of its highest point is 4,510 feet above sea level. Vegetation in the area consists primarily of Chihuahuan Desert scrub, characterized by various shrubs and semisucculents that have partially replaced grassland as a result of overgrazing. Adobe Walls Mountain marks the northern edge of the historic Terlingua quicksilver district (see MERCURY MINING). The mountain is named for the incomplete adobe walls that once surrounded the main ranchhouse of the G4 Ranch.

Clifford B. Casey, Soldiers, Ranchers and Miners in the Big Bend (Washington: Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation, U.S. Department of the Interior, 1969). Virginia Madison and Hallie Stillwell, How Come It's Called That? Place Names in the Big Bend Country (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1958). Kenneth B. Ragsdale, Quicksilver: Terlingua and the Chisos Mining Company (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1976). Ronnie C. Tyler, The Big Bend (Washington: National Park Service, 1975).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "Adobe Walls Mountain," accessed October 26, 2016,

Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.