BUFFALO BAYOU. Buffalo Bayou rises at the juncture of Willow Fork and Cane Branch west of Katy near the Waller county line in extreme northern Fort Bend County (at 29°46' N, 95°50' W) and flows sixty-five miles east, across southern Harris County, to its mouth on the San Jacinto River, at Lynchburg (at 29°46' N, 95°05' W). The stream is tidal from its junction with Whiteoak Bayou at Houston, eighteen miles above its mouth, and has been widened and deepened to form the Turning Basin and the Houston Ship Channel. Barker Dam, owned by the city of Barker and constructed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers in 1945, impounds Buffalo Bayou to form Barker Reservoir near Addicks. The lake serves primarily as a means of flood control and has a capacity of 135,800 acre-feet. In the 1990s Buffalo Bayou was extremely polluted. It flows from flat terrain with local shallow depressions surfaced by clay loam and sandy loam that support water-tolerant hardwoods, conifers, and grasses into the Houston metropolitan area and the industrial sector surrounding the Houston Ship Channel.
An Analysis of Texas Waterways (Austin: Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, 1974).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, "Buffalo Bayou," accessed May 03, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rhb28.
Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Modified on February 4, 2016. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles