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SECOND ELM CREEK. Second Elm Creek rises ten miles north of Artesia Wells in western La Salle County (at 28°20' N, 99°16' W) and runs southeast for nine miles to its mouth on Las Raices Creek, seventeen miles east of Artesia Wells (at 28°16' N, 99°09' W). The stream crosses low, rolling terrain into flat terrain with locally shallow depressions. Clay and sandy loams support grasses, mesquite, and chaparral in the creek's upper reaches and water-tolerant hardwoods and grasses in its lower reaches.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

"SECOND ELM CREEK," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 26, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.