sidebar menu icon


SAN FRANCISCO CREEK. San Francisco Creek rises one mile west of Stillwell Mountain and three miles south of U.S. Highway 385 in northeastern Brewster County (at 30°18' N, 103°05' W) and runs southeast for eighty-seven miles to its mouth on the Rio Grande, just east of the Terrell county line (at 29°53' N, 102°19' W). San Francisco Creek is intermittent in its upper reaches, except for an eleven-mile stretch beginning just west of Hell's Half Acre, where it flows perennially. The creek is dry for the last half of its length. The upper reaches of San Francisco Creek run through steeply to moderately sloping hills surfaced by shallow, stony clay and sandy loam that supports oak, mesquite, and grasses. In its lower reaches flat terrain with local shallow depressions or deep, dense dissections is surfaced by shallow, stony clay and sandy loams that support water-tolerant hardwoods, conifers, and grasses, oak, juniper, and some mesquite.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "San Francisco Creek," accessed November 19, 2017,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.