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NEWTON CREEK

NEWTON CREEK. Newton Creek rises just southwest of Cedar Valley College in Lancaster in south central Dallas County (at 32°37' N, 96°46' W). Intermittent in its upper reaches, the creek flows northeasterly for five miles to its mouth on Fivemile Creek, just east of Interstate Highway 45 (at 32°41' N, 96°44' W). Two small streams, Floyd's Branch and White's Branch, are tributaries of Newton Creek, which has developed its course through the Blackland Prairies region. It was probably named for William F. Newton, who patented the land where it rises. The area around Newton Creek was farmed extensively in the late nineteenth century, but poor soil management and the consequent loss of productivity forced its abandonment as cropland. Today, although the creek lies almost wholly within the city limits of Dallas, an area ranging from about a quarter mile to a mile and a half on either side of the creek is undeveloped. The area around the creek is generally heavily wooded, with elm, ash, pecan, red oak, red cedar, cedar elm, and hackberry predominating. Near the midpoint of Newton Creek, a stand of horsetail club has been discovered; this plant, considered by many botanists to be the most primitive living vascular plant, is not known to exist anywhere else in Dallas County.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
Design Guidelines for Developing Areas (Dallas: Department of Urban Planning, n.d.).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "Newton Creek," accessed September 26, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rbn16.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.