LIMPIA CREEK. Limpia Creek rises on the northeastern flank of Mount Livermore seventeen miles northwest of Fort Davis in central Jeff Davis County (at 30°38' N, 104°10' W) and runs northeast for sixty-three miles to its mouth on Barrilla Draw in western Pecos County (at 30°45' N, 103°29' W). Limpia Canyon, through which the creek runs for its first forty-two miles, was the principal avenue for early exploration and settlement of Jeff Davis County. Its upper reaches cross rugged terrain surfaced by shallow, stony soils that support Mexican buckeye, walnut, persimmon, desert willow, scrub brush, and sparse grasses. The lower reaches run through flat to rolling country surfaced by shallow, stony clay and sandy loams that support scrub brush, grasses, creosote bush, cacti, water-tolerant hardwoods, and conifers. Limpia is Spanish for "pure."

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "LIMPIA CREEK," accessed April 18, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox