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FIRST ELM CREEK. First Elm Creek rises four miles northwest of Artesia Wells in western La Salle County (at 28°20' N, 99°20' W) and runs southeast for five miles to its mouth on Las Raices Creek, a half mile south of Artesia Wells (at 28°16' N, 99°17' W). It traverses low-rolling to flat terrain with some locally shallow depressions, surfaced by clay and sandy loams that support grasses, mesquite, and chaparral in the creek's upper reaches and water-tolerant hardwoods and grasses in its lower.

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"FIRST ELM CREEK," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.