While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


EAGLE NEST CREEK. Eagle Nest Creek, also known as Eagle Nest Canyon, rises a mile east of Farm Road 2083 in southern Val Verde County (at 29°53' N, 101°33' W) and runs south for five miles to its mouth on the Rio Grande, a half mile east of Langtry (at 29°49' N, 101°33' W). Eagle Nest Creek sharply dissects massive limestone that underlies flat terrain, forming a deep and winding canyon. The last mile of the streambed passes through the high vertical cliffs of One Mile Canyon. The area soils are generally dark, calcareous stony clays and clay loams and support oaks, junipers, grasses, and mesquites. Eagle Nest Creek was named for a landmark noted by travelers and settlers for over two centuries. It is an inaccessible, but highly visible, limestone cavern located near the top of a 300-foot vertical bluff on the course of the creek and just east of Langtry. At one time eagles nested on the ledge outside the cavern. On April 25, 1875, Lt. John L. Bullis and his Black Seminole scouts fought border Indians at Eagle's Nest Crossing, near the landmark. Three of the scouts won Medals of Honor for saving Bullis's life in the Eagle's Nest battle. In 1882 the Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio Railway established a grading camp near the crossing and named it Eagle's Nest.

Robert Wooster, Soldiers, Sutlers and Settlers: Garrison Life of the Texas Frontier (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1987).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "EAGLE NEST CREEK," accessed August 04, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rbeat.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...