ELM CREEK (COLLINGSWORTH COUNTY)
ELM CREEK (Collingsworth County). Elm Creek, also known as the Elm Fork of the Red River, rises in northern Collingsworth County near the Wheeler county line about six miles southwest of Shamrock (at 35°11' N, 100°22' W) and runs southeast across northeastern Collingsworth County and into Oklahoma, where it crosses southwestern Beckham County and central Greer County south of Granite before reaching its mouth on the North Fork of the Red River, near the Greer-Kiowa county line and just south of Altus Reservoir (at 35°03' N, 99°57' W). Two major tributaries, Hackberry and Long Dry creeks, originate in southern Wheeler County. Elm Creek traverses flat terrain with local shallow depressions, surfaced by clay and sandy loams that support water-tolerant hardwoods, conifers, and grasses. The creek, included in the disputed Greer County during the 1880s and 1890s, was used by various ranching outfits. Its upper portion in Collingsworth County was among the properties owned or leased by the Rocking Chair Ranch and later by the Mill Iron Ranch (see CONTINENTAL LAND AND CATTLE COMPANY) and the Crews brothers.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, "Elm Creek (Collingsworth County)," accessed September 28, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rbe67.
Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.