ELM CREEK (COLLINGSWORTH COUNTY)
ELM CREEK (Collingsworth County). Elm Creek, also known as the Elm Fork of the Red River, rises in northern Collingsworth County near the Wheeler county line about six miles southwest of Shamrock (at 35°11' N, 100°22' W) and runs southeast across northeastern Collingsworth County and into Oklahoma, where it crosses southwestern Beckham County and central Greer County south of Granite before reaching its mouth on the North Fork of the Red River, near the Greer-Kiowa county line and just south of Altus Reservoir (at 35°03' N, 99°57' W). Two major tributaries, Hackberry and Long Dry creeks, originate in southern Wheeler County. Elm Creek traverses flat terrain with local shallow depressions, surfaced by clay and sandy loams that support water-tolerant hardwoods, conifers, and grasses. The creek, included in the disputed Greer County during the 1880s and 1890s, was used by various ranching outfits. Its upper portion in Collingsworth County was among the properties owned or leased by the Rocking Chair Ranch and later by the Mill Iron Ranch (see CONTINENTAL LAND AND CATTLE COMPANY) and the Crews brothers.
Pauline D. and R. L. Robertson, Cowman's Country: Fifty Frontier Ranches in the Texas Panhandle, 1876–1887 (Amarillo: Paramount, 1981). Estelle D. Tinkler, "Nobility's Ranche: A History of the Rocking Chair Ranche," Panhandle-Plains Historical Review 15 (1942).