BATTLE CREEK (Van Zandt County). Battle Creek rises a half mile south of Midway in southeast Van Zandt County (at 32°23' N, 95°34' W) and runs nine miles southeast to its mouth at Kickapoo Cove on Lake Palestine in Henderson County (at 32°18' N, 95°30' W). The creek takes its name from an event of 1839. President Mirabeau B. Lamar appointed Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston to induce Cherokee Indians in East Texas to cede their lands to the Republic of Texas and vacate the country. Instructions to pay the Indians or remove them by force led to two battles, one at the Indian village at the creek. The surrounding low-rolling to flat terrain is surfaced by sandy and clay loam that supports scrub brush, cacti, mixed hardwoods, and pines.

Wentworth Manning, Some History of Van Zandt County (Des Moines, Iowa: Homestead, 1919; rpt., Winston-Salem, North Carolina: Hunter, 1977).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "BATTLE CREEK (VAN ZANDT COUNTY)," accessed June 26, 2019,

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox