ARROYO BALUARTE. Arroyo Baluarte, also known as Baluarte Creek and San Antonio Creek, rises eight miles southwest of Thompsonville in north central Jim Hogg County (at 27°12' N, 98°49' W) and runs southeast for forty-one miles to its mouth on Laguna Salada, four miles south of Falfurrias in northeastern Brooks County (at 27°10' N, 98°07' W). In its lower reaches it is dammed to form Laguna Madre, not to be confused with the coastal lagoon of that name. The Arroyo Baluarte traverses flat to gently sloping terrain surfaced by shallow clay and sandy loams and loose sand that support scattered scrub brush and grasses. It is named after a land grant, San Antonio de Baluarte, originally granted to José Luis Salinas.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "ARROYO BALUARTE," accessed August 19, 2019,

Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox