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OCEAN. The steamship Ocean, of the Texas Navy, was commanded for a time by Thomas Wigg Grayson.qv She was mainly paid for by the citizens of Mobile, Alabama. The Ocean arrived at Velasco with Thomas Jefferson Green, H. A. Hubbell, and a group of volunteers, who prevented Antonio López de Santa Anna's being sent to Mexico. In July 1836 the Ocean, loaded with volunteers protected by cotton bales (i.e., a "cotton-clad steamer"), helped rescue the Brutus when it was blockaded at Matagorda by the Mexican brig Vencedor del Álamo.


Alex Dienst, "The Navy of the Republic of Texas," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 12–13 (January-October 1909; rpt., Fort Collins, Colorado: Old Army Press, 1987).

Art Leatherwood


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Art Leatherwood, "OCEAN," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 27, 2015. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.