- Get Involved
ACADIA. The Acadia was a River Clyde-type steamship built at Sorel, Quebec, in May and July of 1864. She was expressly constructed to be a blockade runner and was larger and faster than the norm. She was a 738 tonner, whereas the usual range of vessels in this occupation was from 400 to 600 tons. The Acadia was 211 feet long and had a beam of thirty-one feet and a hold twelve feet deep. She was a side-wheeler with one 900-horsepower engine. Under the command of Capt. Thomas Leach, the Acadia was on her first voyage as a blockade runner when she was run aground and abandoned by her crew on February 6, 1865. As soon as the morning fog lifted she was spotted in fifteen feet of water ten miles northeast of the mouth of the Brazos, her intended destination, by the USS Virginia, the Union navy ship on patrol in the area. The Acadia was destroyed by gunfire, although much of her cargo was salvaged by shore parties. The wreck site was examined by Wendell E. Pierce during the late 1960s and early 1970s under permit from the Texas Antiquities Committee and under the supervision of Frank Hole, an archeologist at Rice University. Artifacts from the site were housed for a time at the Houston Museum of Natural Science; they are now held by the Brazoria County Museum in Angleton. The wreck of the Acadia is a designated state archeological landmark protected under the Texas Antiquities Code.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:Frank Hole, The Acadia: A Civil War Blockade Runner (Houston: Rice University Department of Anthropology, 1974). Marker Files, Texas Historical Commission, Austin.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, J. Barto Arnold III, "Acadia," accessed March 18, 2018, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qta03.
Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.