THIRTY-FIRST TEXAS CAVALRY
THIRTY-FIRST TEXAS CAVALRY. In early 1862 the Thirty-first Texas formed with Col. Trezevant C. Hawpe in command. Although most members came from Dallas County and the surrounding area, two companies were added from Travis and Bexar counties. In June the unit left for Arkansas where it joined a cavalry brigade, with the Twenty-second Texas and the Thirty-fourth Texas, under Col. D. H. Cooper. The regiment skirmished successfully with Federal troops in Missouri near Newtonia in September. During the fall the brigade withdrew into Arkansas where illness and changes of commanders created disruption and led to conversion of the regiment to infantry. Despite the resulting poor morale, the Thirty-first Texas Dismounted Cavalry, led by Lt. Col. George W. Guess, fought at Prairie Grove, Arkansas, in December.
In February 1863, while the brigade marched through snow from Fort Smith to the Red River, Hawpe resigned as its commander. That spring orders sent the brigade to join Gen. Richard Taylor in Louisiana. In May the Thirty-first Texas and another infantry regiment moved down to the Mississippi River where they harassed Union riverboats and outposts during the summer. On September 29, the brigade, including the Thirty-first Texas under Maj. Frederick Malone, defeated Federal troops at Stirling' Plantation in a surprise attack ordered by Gen. Thomas Green. In October, Gen. Camille de Polignac became commander of the brigade which was expanded by the return of the other dismounted cavalry regiments.
During February and March 1864, the brigade skirmished with Union forces at Vidalia and Harrisonburg before joining General Taylor in the Red River campaign. At Sabine Crossroads and Pleasant Hill on April 8 and 9, the regiment helped drive back the Federal advance. The regiment and the brigade harassed the Union withdrawal into May. After a failed effort to cross the Mississippi River in August, the brigade moved to Arkansas in September, then back to Louisiana in November. In March 1865 the Thirty-first Texas returned to its home state where it disbanded in May.
Alwyn Barr, Polignac's Texas Brigade (1964; College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1998); Douglas V. Meed, Texas Wanderlust: The Adventures of Dutch Wurzbach (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1997).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Alwyn Barr, "THIRTY-FIRST TEXAS CAVALRY," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qkt31), accessed February 07, 2016. Uploaded on April 4, 2011. Modified on April 11, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles