While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


James A. Hathcock

TWENTY-FIFTH TEXAS CAVALRY. The Twenty-fifth Texas Cavalry, also known as the Third Texas Lancers, was organized from part of the Twenty-first Texas Cavalry on April 24, 1862, at Hempstead, Texas. It was organized and commanded by Col. Clayton C. Gillespie with field officers Maj. Joseph N. Dark, Maj. Edward B. Pickett, and Lt. Col. William M. Neyland. The regiment comprised eight companies lettered A to H with men from the Texas counties of Angelina, Goliad, Hardin, Hunt, Jasper, Liberty, Rusk, Trinity, Tyler, and Walker. The regiment was on duty in Texas as a dismounted unit from its inception to August 1862.

On August 5, 1862, the regiment was transferred to the District of Arkansas. While there the regiment saw some action near Fayetteville on October 27–28, 1862, and took part in the battle of Arkansas Post on January 10–11, 1863. The men of the Twenty-fifth Texas Cavalry were taken prisoner after the Union victory at Arkansas Post with most of them being held at Camp Douglas in Illinois through the summer of 1863. They were eventually exchanged, returned to service, dismounted, and consolidated with the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Twenty-fourth Texas Cavalry regiments to serve in the Army of Tennessee.

The Twenty-fifth Texas Cavalry was involved in some thirty-seven different actions and engagements and remained in the Army of Tennessee to war's end. Its most notable engagements and campaigns in addition to Arkansas Post were Chickamauga on September 19–20, 1863; the siege of Chattanooga from September to November 1863; the Atlanta campaign from May to September 1864; Jonesboro from August 31 to September 1, 1864; Franklin on November 30, 1864; Nashville on December 15–16, 1864; the Carolinas campaign from February to April 1864; and Bentonville on March 19–21, 1865. Only a small remnant of the Twenty-fifth Texas Cavalry continued under arms when the regiment surrendered on April 25, 1865, in North Carolina. The regiment was officially surrendered by Gen. E. Kirby Smith, commander of the Trans-Mississippi Department, on May 26, 1865.


Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army (Midlothian, Virginia: Derwent, 1987). Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas (New York: Facts on File, 1995).Vertical File, Historical Research Center, Texas Heritage Museum, Hill College, Hillsboro, Texas (Eighteenth Texas Cavalry).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, James A. Hathcock, "TWENTY-FIFTH TEXAS CAVALRY," accessed July 08, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qkt26.

Uploaded on April 5, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...