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Bruce Bumbalough

THIRTY-FIFTH TEXAS CAVALRY [LIKENS’S]. The Thirty-fifth Texas (Likens’s) Cavalry formed in October 1863 when James Likens’s Battalion and Burns’s Battalion were consolidated. Gray’s, Hurley’s and Mullins’s companies from the Thirty-seventh Texas Cavalry were also included in the consolidation. James B. Likens was the commanding officer of the combined unit with James R. Burns as lieutenant colonel. Almost all men who belonged to the unit came from Jefferson, Hopkins, Limestone, Robertson, Cherokee, Upshur and Smith counties in East and Northeast Texas. (As there were two units with the number designation of the Thirty-Fifth Texas Cavalry, this unit was named after its leader James B. Likens. The other Thirty-fifth Texas Cavalry (Brown’s) Regiment was led by Col. Reuben R. Brown.)

The Thirty-fifth Texas Cavalry (Likens's) saw duty patrolling the Texas Gulf Coast in Brazoria, Fort Bend, Matagorda and Harris counties. In the winter of 1863 there was much sickness in the ranks, and the troops were ordered to be dismounted. Many felt that order was a violation of the terms of their enlistment and left the unit. In March 1864 the Thirty-fifth (Likens’s) Texas Cavalry was ordered to Louisiana as a part of the opposition to Union Gen. Nathaniel Banks in the Red River campaign. From March 10 to May 22, the Thirty-fifth (Likens’s) engaged Union troops in that campaign. The most significant action undertaken by the unit was at Mansfield, Louisiana, on April 8, 1864. Other Red River campaign actions involving the Thirty-fifth (Likens’s) Cavalry included Natchitoches, Pleasant Hill, and Monett’s Ferry.

Following the Red River campaign, the Thirty-fifth stayed in Louisiana and engaged the enemy in several skirmishes in September, including Williamsport, Atchafalaya Bayou, and Morganza. They also were involved in operations against Union scouts and a skirmish at Richland Plantation in Louisiana in late January 1865. In mid-February 1865 the unit was ordered to Beaumont, Texas, where it remained for the balance of the war. It disbanded there on May 1, 1865, and surrendered at Galveston on June 2, 1865.


Dr. Edmund L. Burnett, ed., Civil War Letters of Louis of Louis Lehmann: With Alexander Terrell's and James B. Likens' Texas Cavalry Regiments, 1863-1864 (Hillsboro, Texas: Hill College Press, 2011). Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army (Midlothian, Virgina: Derwent, 1987). Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas (New York: Facts on File, 1995).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Bruce Bumbalough, "THIRTY-FIFTH TEXAS CAVALRY [LIKENS’S]," accessed July 10, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qkt23.

Uploaded on July 17, 2012. Modified on November 11, 2014. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
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