TWENTY-THIRD TEXAS CAVALRY

Matthew K. Hamilton

TWENTY-THIRD TEXAS CAVALRY. The Twenty-third Texas Cavalry Regiment was organized in the spring of 1862. By October the regiment had completed its formation and was mustered into service with ten companies of effectives. The unit was composed primarily of men from the Texas counties of Red River, Bowie, and Hopkins and the towns of Centerville, Denton, and Palestine. One of the companies (Company K) in the regiment had previously served with Nathan Bedford Forrest's Third Tennessee Cavalry Regiment. Most of this company had been captured at Fort Donelson, paroled, and returned to Texas only to re-join the war effort as part of the Twenty-third Texas Cavalry.

The Twenty-third regiment's first commander was Col. Nicholas C. Gould. Other field officers included: William R. Caton (major), John A. Corley (major, lieutenant colonel), and Isaac A. Grant (lieutenant colonel). The unit was assigned to Hamilton Bee's and Xavier Debray's Brigade of the Trans-Mississippi Department. On October 28, 1863, Lt. Col. Isaac A. Grant died. He was replaced by John A. Corley. In January 1864 the unit contained thirty-three officers and 451 men. It fought in various conflicts in Louisiana including operations from March to May 1864 against Union Gen. Nathaniel Banks's Red River campaign. The regiment took part in the engagements of Mansfield and Pleasant Hill on April 8–9, 1864. Many of the men in the regiment remembered vividly the moment when Brig. Gen. Thomas Green was killed at Blair's Landing.

In February 1865 the regiment was dismounted and attached to Robertson's Brigade, Maxey's Division, District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, Trans-Mississippi Department. On May 26, 1865, the Twenty-third Texas surrendered along with other forces under the command of Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith to Union forces.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 

Joseph H. Crute, Jr., Units of the Confederate States Army (Midlothian, Virginia: Derwent, 1987). Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas (New York: Facts on File, 1995). John F. Walter, "Histories of Texas Units in the Civil War," Ms., Historical Research Center, Texas Heritage Museum, Hill College, Hillsboro, Texas, 1981.

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Matthew K. Hamilton, "TWENTY-THIRD TEXAS CAVALRY," accessed December 07, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qkt06.

Uploaded on April 10, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...