SEVENTEENTH TEXAS CAVALRY, CONSOLIDATED
SEVENTEENTH TEXAS CAVALRY, CONSOLIDATED. In July 1863 the Seventeenth Texas was formed at Shreveport, Louisiana, with men who escaped from the surrender of seven Texas dismounted cavalry and infantry regiments at Arkansas Post in January. Col. James R. Taylor received command of the new regiment, which became part of Polignac's Brigade. The brigade in October joined Gen. Richard Taylor's army in southern Louisiana. During the winter the Seventeenth Texas and the brigade skirmished with Federal forces at Vidalia in February 1864 and at Harrisonburg in March. The regiment rejoined General Taylor to meet the Union Red River campaign that spring. At Sabine Crossroads and at Pleasant Hill on April 8 and 9 the Seventeenth Texas joined in successful attacks that halted the Federal advance. Col. James Taylor died in the fighting. The regiment and the brigade then harassed the Union withdrawal down the Red River. All of the field officers of the Seventeenth Texas had been killed or wounded in the campaign, leaving Capt. M. M. Singletary in command. A summer attempt to cross the Mississippi River failed, followed by a move of the regiment and brigade into Arkansas during the fall. After a return to Louisiana in December, the Seventeenth Texas had Col. Thomas F. Tucker appointed as its new commander. In March 1865 the regiment returned to Texas where it disbanded in May.
Alwyn Barr, Polignac's Texas Brigade (1964; 2nd ed. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1998).