While our physical offices are closed until further notice in accordance with Austin's COVID-19 "stay home-work safe" order, the Handbook of Texas will remain available at no-cost for you, your fellow history enthusiasts, and all Texas students currently mandated to study from home. If you have the capacity to help us maintain our online Texas history resources during these uncertain times, please consider making a 100% tax-deductible contribution today. Thank you for your support of TSHA and Texas history. Donate Today »


Palmer Bradley

GRANBURY'S TEXAS BRIGADE. Granbury's Texas Brigade was formed in November 1863 just before the battle of Missionary Ridge. It was composed of the Seventh Texas Infantry, the Sixth, Tenth, and Fifteenth Texas Infantry (consolidated), and the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, Twenty-fourth, and Twenty-fifth Texas Dismounted Cavalry (consolidated) as a part of Maj. Gen. Pat Cleburne's division, with Brig. Gen. James Argyle Smith as its commanding officer. At Missionary Ridge the brigade quickly established a record for consistent valor. General Smith was wounded there and was succeeded in command by Col. Hiram Bronson Granbury of the Seventh Texas. The brigade took its name from Granbury, who was subsequently promoted to brigadier general. In the ensuing retreat of the Army of Tennessee from Missionary Ridge, Cleburne's division, including Granbury's brigade, probably saved the army by its rearguard stand at Ringold Gap, for which it received the thanks of the Confederate Congress. The brigade fought in Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's army throughout the entire Atlanta campaign, participating in countless skirmishes and the battles of Resaca, New Hope Church, Kenesaw Mountain, Peachtree Creek, Atlanta, and Jonesboro. In General Cleburne's official report on New Hope Church he said "The piles of dead on this front was but a silent eulogy upon Granbury and his noble Texans." After the close of the Atlanta campaign the brigade participated in Gen. John B. Hood's disastrous invasion of Tennessee. There the brigade was decimated in November 1864 at the battle of Franklin, during which both Granbury and Cleburne were killed in action. At the succeeding battle of Nashville, the brigade was commanded by a colonel. What was left of it joined the remnants of the Army of Tennessee in North Carolina in the spring of 1865 and surrendered at Greensboro in April, being there commanded by Brig. Gen. D. C. Govan. Granbury's Texas Brigade, though only organized as late as November 1863, established a reputation for stark fighting ability unsurpassed by any brigade in the Confederate Army of Tennessee.

William Heartsill, Fourteen Hundred and 91 Days in the Confederate Army (Marshall, Texas, 1876; rpt., Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot, 1987). James M. McCaffrey, This Band of Heroes (Austin: Eakin Press, 1985). Vertical Files, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin. Ezra J. Warner, Generals in Gray (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959). The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Dudley Goodall Wooten, ed., A Comprehensive History of Texas (2 vols., Dallas: Scarff, 1898; rpt., Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1986).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Palmer Bradley, "GRANBURY'S TEXAS BRIGADE," accessed July 08, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qkg02.

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
visit the mytsha forums to participate

View these posts and more when you register your free MyTSHA account.

Call for Papers: Texas Center for Working-Class Studies Events, Symposia, and Workshops
Hi all! You may be interested in this call for papers I received from the Texas Center for Working-Class Studies at Collin College...

Katy Jennings' Ride Scholarly Research Request
I'm doing research on Catherine Jennings Lockwood, specifically the incident known as "Katy Jennings' Ride." Her father was Gordon C. Jennings, the oldest man to die at the Alamo...

Texas Constitution of 1836 Co-Author- Elisha Pease? Ask a Historian
The TSHA profile of Elisha Marshall Pease states that he wrote part of the Texas Constitution although he was only a 24 year-old assistant secretary (not elected). I cannot find any other mention of this authorship work by Pease in other credible research about the credited Constution authors...