MOBILE GRAYS. The Mobile Grays, a company of about thirty volunteers organized in Mobile, Alabama, in November 1835 by James Butler Bonham, Albert C. Horton,qqv and S. P. St. John arrived at San Antonio, Texas, under command of David N. Burke three days after the surrender of Martín Perfecto de Cos. Upon the army's reorganization for the Matamoros expedition of 1835–36 in the last week in December the group, enlarged by transfers from the New Orleans Greys, proceeded to Goliad and, on February 12, 1836, became part of the Second, or LaFayette, Battalion of the Provisional Regiment of Volunteers under James W. Fannin, Jr. There may have been as many as thirty-eight Mobile Grays with Fannin at Goliad. If so, one was killed in action on March 19. Three escaped, four were spared on March 27, and thirty were killed in the Goliad Massacre on that day.

Harbert Davenport, "Men of Goliad," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 43 (July 1939). Claude Elliott, "Alabama and the Texas Revolution," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 50 (January 1947). Ruby C. Smith, "James W. Fannin, Jr., in the Texas Revolution," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 23 (October 1919, January, April 1920).

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The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "MOBILE GRAYS," accessed August 25, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

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