MILAM GUARDS. The Milam Guards, a company of light riflemen in Houston, was organized by Joseph Daniels as captain, under a commission of President Sam Houston dated March 9, 1838. It was the first recorded militia unit to form after Texas became independent from Mexico, and in February 1840 the Fourth Texas Congress granted it a charter of incorporation for a ten-year term. The government limited the unit to seventy-five men, who were required to provide their own tents, wagons, and camp equipment during active duty. The guards functioned as an escort unit, as a police force, and as frontier guards for the Republic of Texas during 1838 and 1839, after Indian raids near what is now Marlin. In 1842 the unit volunteered in the effort to repel the Mexican invasion, but had only reached Columbus when Gen. Adrián Woll's retreat toward the Rio Grande prompted the government to order it to turn back. In addition to Daniels, James Reily and Peter W. Gray served as officers in the guards.
Margaret Dorothea Bright, Social Development of Houston, Texas, 1836–1860 (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1940). Houston Post, December 31, 1932. Adele B. Looscan, "Capt. Joseph Daniels," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association 5 (July 1901). Telegraph and Texas Register, March 20, 1842, April 19, 1843, November 25, 1845.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, "MILAM GUARDS," accessed October 19, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qjm01.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on May 30, 2017. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.