DOMINGUEZ MEXICAN COMPANY
DOMÍNGUEZ MEXICAN COMPANY. The Domínguez Mexican Company, also known as the Mexican Spy Company, was led by Manuel Domínguez, a weaver who was subjected to extortion by a Mexican officer and became an informant for the United States Army during the Mexican War. When the army arrived at Puebla in 1847, Domínguez made contact with Col. E. A. Hitchcock to offer his men to protect the lines of supply and communications. Their number rose to over 100, and some reliable authorities say they amounted to as many as 2,000 before the end of the war. On the day before the battle of Molino del Rey, Gen. Antonio López de Santa Anna sent Domínguez a commission as a colonel and a full and complete pardon to him and all his men. Domínguez turned it over immediately to his United States commander and resumed his position with the Americans.
Gen. William O. Butler suggested that Congress authorize enlisting the Mexicans into the army and paying them regular salaries, but the administration declined. Later General Butler recommended they be given a land bounty and three months' pay. Finally, each member of the company was given a gold double eagle and passage to Corpus Christi. Santa Anna offered the Mexican soldiers 1,000 acres of land and $300 each, but none accepted so far as is known. Some of the ships put in at New Orleans and some at Galveston. None apparently sailed to Corpus Christi, since that city had no port facilities for ocean-going vessels at that time. Sixty-two men with thirty dependents landed at New Orleans. It is not known how many landed at Galveston, though it was probably about the same. Domínguez went to Washington and was greeted by the president. American newspapers represented him as a traitor to his race and a bandit, even though he was allied with the United States Army. Nearly all the company settled in Cameron County, Texas. Part of Domínguez's family settled at Alexandria, Louisiana. Domínguez and several of his officers sought bounty land under the act of May 14, 1856, but their claims were rejected.
Robert Anderson, An Artillery Officer in the Mexican War, 1846–47 (New York and London: Putnam, 1911). Albert Gallatin Brackett, General Lane's Brigade in Central Mexico (Cincinnati and New York: Derby, 1854). Ethan Allen Hitchcock, Fifty Years in Camp and Field: Diary of Major-General Ethan Allen Hitchcock, U.S.A, ed. W. A. Croffut (New York: Putnam, 1909).
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Frank Wagner, "DOMINGUEZ MEXICAN COMPANY," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qid01), accessed May 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.