William L. Mann

SAN GABRIELS, BATTLE OF THE. The battle of the San Gabriels, a skirmish between a force of Indians and Mexicans led by Manuel Flores and a company of Texas Rangers under Lt. James O. Rice, occurred on May 15–17, 1839, about nine miles west of the site of present-day Georgetown in Williamson County. The Texans had been following the Flores party since May 15 and finally made the attack on the banks of the North San Gabriel River. Flores was killed in the first charge, and his followers fled, leaving behind them all their horses, mules, baggage, munitions, and other belongings. Although few persons participated in the engagement, it is significant because in the captured baggage was found the correspondence between Flores and Vicente Córdova and their instructions from superior officers in Mexico outlining the whole of the Córdova rebellion.


William L. Mann, "James O. Rice, Hero of the Battle on the San Gabriels," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 55 (July 1951). J. W. Wilbarger, Indian Depredations in Texas (Austin: Hutchings, 1889; rpt., Austin: State House, 1985).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, William L. Mann, "SAN GABRIELS, BATTLE OF THE," accessed March 20, 2019,

Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on June 22, 2017. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox