- Get Involved
HYNES BAY, BATTLE OF
HYNES BAY, BATTLE OF. The Battle of Hynes Bay, in 1852, was supposedly the last engagement between Texans and the Karankawa Indians. After killing settler John F. Kemper in November 1844, most of the Karankawas had fled the country. By 1852, however, they had returned to the campsites on the shores of Hynes Bay in Refugio County. They soon began to slaughter local livestock and engage in petty theft as in the old days. In response to these acts, the citizens of Refugio County resolved to rid the community of the Karankawa nuisance. William Kuykendall happened across the Indian campsite and reported its presence to John Hynes, who mustered about thirty volunteers. Among the settlers who served in Hynes's militia company were Thomas O'Connor, William Kuykendall, Carlos de la Garza, Walter Lambert, James W. Byrne, and John R. Baker. The Texans surrounded the Indian camp near Hynesville and took the Indians by surprise. The Karankawas offered a stiff resistance, but most were ultimately killed. The fifty-nine men, women, and children who survived the attack agreed to leave the country never to return, and retreated across the Rio Grande to refuge in Tamaulipas.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:Hobart Huson, Refugio: A Comprehensive History of Refugio County from Aboriginal Times to 1953 (2 vols., Woodsboro, Texas: Rooke Foundation, 1953, 1955).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, Stephen L. Hardin, "HYNES BAY, BATTLE OF," accessed May 21, 2019, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qfh01.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.