BIRD'S CREEK INDIAN FIGHT. The Bird's Creek Indian Fight occurred on May 26, 1839, near the site of present Temple, when a ranger force of thirty-four men under the command of Capt. John Bird came in contact with more than 200 Caddo, Kickapoo, and Comanche Indians. The Texans were victorious but suffered several casualties, including Captain Bird. A Comanche chief was killed in the fight. The creek on which the battle was fought became known as Bird's Creek. Two markers near Temple commemorate the event.

Rupert N. Richardson, The Comanche Barrier to South Plains Settlement (Glendale, California: Clark, 1933; rpt., Millwood, New York: Kraus, 1973). Harold Schoen, comp., Monuments Erected by the State of Texas to Commemorate the Centenary of Texas Independence (Austin: Commission of Control for Texas Centennial Celebrations, 1938). Temple Daily Telegram, April 17, 1936. George Tyler, History of Bell County (San Antonio: Naylor, 1936).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "BIRD'S CREEK INDIAN FIGHT," accessed June 26, 2019,

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox