FORT FITZHUGH. Fort Fitzhugh, three miles southeast of Gainesville, was one in a series of military outposts built from Preston to the Rio Grande for the protection of settlers from Indian raids. Around it was the first settlement in Cooke County. The fort was constructed in 1847 by volunteers of the Texas Rangersqv from nearby Collin County under the command of William F. Fitzhugh. The outpost was a small log stockade consisting of a single row of blockhouses with a nearby stable. Cooke County chose the fort as the site of the county seat and renamed it Liberty, but that name had already been taken. Meanwhile a new site for the county seat near the banks of nearby Elm Creek was completed and named Gainesville. The fort was abandoned by 1850. In 1948 a plaque donated by the local Boy Scout unit marked the spot where the fort once stood. Twenty years later the only remnant of Fort Fitzhugh was a well that had been about thirty feet northwest of the stockade and a caved-in ammunition dump that may have been part of the original military outpost.
Gainesville Daily Register, August 30, 1948. A. Morton Smith, The First 100 Years in Cooke County (San Antonio: Naylor, 1955).
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, David Minor, "Fort Fitzhugh," accessed February 13, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qcf05.
Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history everyday,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles