CAMP CURETON. Camp Cureton was established on March 17, 1862, where the Gainesville-Fort Belknap road crossed the West Fork of the Trinity River southeast of Archer City. It was one of a number of posts set up by the Confederate Army to restrict Indian incursions. The camp was manned by half the men of the Frontier Regiment company of Capt. J. J. (Jack) Cureton, for whom it was named. It had long buildings for the rangers and a rock-fence corral for the horses. The camp was closed by March 1864, when the regiment was concentrated at Fort Belknap. All that remained in 1990 was the corner rocks and the base of a chimney. In 1963 a memorial to Camp Cureton was placed on the Archer County Courthouse lawn in Archer City.


J. Evetts Haley, Charles Goodnight (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1949). William Curry Holden, Frontier Problems and Movements in West Texas, 1846–1900 (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas, 1928). J. Marvin Hunter, Trail Drivers of Texas (2 vols., San Antonio: Jackson Printing, 1920, 1923; 4th ed., Austin: University of Texas Press, 1985). Jack Loftin, Trails Through Archer (Burnet, Texas: Nortex, 1979).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, "CAMP CURETON," accessed August 19, 2019,

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Modified on March 2, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox