Members Only Area
Bookmark and Share
sidebar menu icon

CAMP CAZNEAU

CAMP CAZNEAU. Two camps seem to have been named Camp Cazneau. The first may have been on a site on Onion Creek just southeast of Austin and near the site of Bergstrom Air Force Base in southeast Travis County. It was occupied by the First Infantry Regiment on March 5, 1840, as they moved from Camp Caldwell to San Antonio. The second Camp Cazneau was 2½ miles east of Round Rock on the south bank of Brushy Creek at the old Double File Crossing, below the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad bridge. It was used by George W. Bonnell when he led the Travis Guards and Rifles in expeditions against the Comanche Indians in May and June 1840. The camp also served as the final assembly point for the Texan Santa Fe expedition in June 1841. The school children of Williamson County erected a monument there in 1925. This site was adjacent to Kenney's Fort. It may have also been the site of the regular-army Camp Caldwell, 1839–40. The camps were probably named for William L. Cazneau, a merchant, soldier, and commissary general of the Republic of Texas.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: 
H. Bailey Carroll, The Texan Santa Fe Trail (Canyon, Texas: Panhandle-Plains Historical Society, 1951). Gerald S. Pierce, Texas Under Arms: The Camps, Posts, Forts, and Military Towns of the Republic of Texas (Austin: Encino, 1969).
Art Leatherwood

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Citation

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Art Leatherwood, "Camp Cazneau," accessed May 29, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qcc06.

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.