Thomas W. Cutrer

FORT HENDERSON. Fort Henderson was built by Maj. William H. Smith's Texas Ranger battalion early in 1837 and commanded by Capt. Lee C. Smith as part of the defensive line established by the Republic of Texas against marauding plains Indians. The fort was named for Gen. James Pinckney Henderson, secretary of state. It was on the upper Navasota River near the present boundaries of Robertson and Leon counties, deep in Indian territory and therefore difficult to supply and of questionable defensive utility. For those reasons the fort was abandoned soon after its construction, probably in the fall of 1837.

Gerald S. Pierce, Texas Under Arms: The Camps, Posts, Forts, and Military Towns of the Republic of Texas (Austin: Encino, 1969).

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas W. Cutrer, "FORT HENDERSON," accessed April 22, 2019,

Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Get this week's most popular Handbook of Texas articles delivered straight to your inbox