CAMP FANNIN. Camp Fannin, an infantry-replacement training center of World War II, was located ten miles northeast of Tyler. The reservation was a wooded, hilly site of more than 14,000 acres named for James Walker Fannin, Jr. Construction was begun on December 1, 1942; Col. John A. Robenson assumed command on March 16, 1943; and the camp headquarters, 361st Service Command Unit, was activated on April 25, 1943. The replacement-training center was activated on May 29, 1943, and the first trainees arrived in June. Formal dedication of the camp was held on September 6, 1943. Colonel Robenson was succeeded as commanding officer by Lt. Col. Charles H. Brammel on August 4, 1943. Maj. Sam H. Burchard commanded the prisoner-of-war camp located at the station. Troop capacity at the height of war operations was 18,680, and the camp had hospital beds for 1,074. All except the cantonment was declared surplus on January 19, 1946. At the end of World War II in 1945, the camp was converted to a separation center for the discharge of soldiers. Two years later, some of the buildings were placed on the new campus of Tyler Junior College. The abandoned base became the East Texas State Tuberculosis Sanatorium the following year.
Image Use Disclaimer
All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.
For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.Handbook of Texas Online, "Camp Fannin," accessed May 30, 2016, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qbc11.
Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
Get Texas history every day,
with day by day
Each day's email tells a little bit more of the story of Texas and links to our collection of more than 27,000 articles