PUEBLO. The term pueblo was generally used in Spanish Texas to designate a purely civil colony, but in its extended meaning it embraced towns of every description. Consequently, the term applied equally well to the missions with their adjacent Indian villages, to the small villages around presidios, and to regularly settled colonies. As used by the New Spanish, a pueblo meant a corporate town with certain rights of jurisdiction and administration and generally designated settlements other than mining camps that were not large enough to be called ciudades.
Frank W. Blackman, Spanish Institutions of the Southwest (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1891; rpt., Glorieta, New Mexico: Rio Grande Press, 1976). H. I. Priestley, "Spanish Colonial Municipalities," California Law Review 7 (September 1919).