ALMONTE'S REPORT ON TEXAS
ALMONTE'S REPORT ON TEXAS. In January of 1834, when Mexican authorities feared that Texas was about to secede or revolt, Col. Juan Nepomuceno Almonte was dispatched to Texas to make an accurate inspection and to promise reforms to gain time. He entered Texas by way of Nacogdoches, where he spent May, June, and half of July. He traveled through the various departments, studying the situation in each, as well as searching for any evidence that might point to an impending revolution. The result of his inspection was his Statistical Report on Texas, an analytical account of Texas as a whole and of the departments in particular. The report is extremely detailed; each department is discussed under some twenty-five divisions. Several tables were set up in the appendix to clarify the text. The report gives an overall description and evaluation of Texas and describes conditions in each of the departments. Such inaccuracies as exist are usually the result of faulty estimation of distances and quantity. No other inspection was made in Texas during this period; it is to Almonte's report that the historian must go to find an account of the state at that time.
Juan N. Almonte, "Statistical Report of Texas," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 28 (January 1925). Celia Gutiérrez Ibarra, Como México perdió Texas: Análisis y transcripción del informe secreto 1834 de Juan Nepomuceno Almonte (Mexico City: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, 1987).