Members Only Area
Bookmark and Share
sidebar menu icon


COUNTY TREASURER. The Constitution of 1876 provides for the biennial election of a county treasurer in each county. During the Republic of Texas the duties of the office were performed by the county clerk. The Constitution of 1845 provided for a separate officer appointed by the county board, but in 1850 the office was made elective with a term of two years. This provision has been maintained under each of the succeeding constitutions. A constitutional amendment in 1954 increased the term of office to four years. The chief functions of the county treasurer are to receive county funds and disburse them as directed by the county commissioners' court. He also examines the books of all county officers who receive any money.


Guide to Texas Laws for County Officials (Austin: Texas Department of Community Affairs, 1988). Dick Smith, The Development of Local Government in Texas (Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University, 1938).

Dick Smith

Image Use Disclaimer

All copyrighted materials included within the Handbook of Texas Online are in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107 related to Copyright and “Fair Use” for Non-Profit educational institutions, which permits the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), to utilize copyrighted materials to further scholarship, education, and inform the public. The TSHA makes every effort to conform to the principles of fair use and to comply with copyright law.

For more information go to:

If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.


The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this article.

Dick Smith, "COUNTY TREASURER," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed November 30, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.